NEWS ABOUT CARDO
1.04, a major update, is now out.†
All medieval charcters found in the MUFI Recommendation 3.0.
Many new characters for Roman epigraphy, including glyph
variants accessible through OpenType features as well as the private use
Retrograde glyphs for the Old Italic characters.
A completely rewritten manual and a revised InDesign test
ß The first Cardo bold
ever; limited character set but functional for many things such as headings.
†††††††††††††††††††† If you havenít already done
so, please check out my recent book Document Preparation for Classical
Languages.† The PDF and paperback
versions are not expensive and you might learn something useful about fonts and
how to use them!† Information about the
book is here.†
You can download Cardo 1.04 as a zip file from this
link.† The InDesign test file is
available separately here.† Enjoy!
†††††††††††††††††††† A couple of issues with the
Hebrew characters have been brought to my attention by users (thank you!); they
will be fixed in the next version.† The
Cardo 1.04 zip includes only .ttf versions, not .otf.† In the future I may be able to provide .otf
4/16/11††††††† Be careful of unauthorized versions
of Cardo.† I have learned that there
are several font sites offering Cardo for download in versions not created or
approved by me (in violation of the terms of the Open Font License).† These versions offer a very reduced character
set, including only the Basic Latin and Latin-1 Supplement ranges of Unicode,
with no OpenType features.† While I am
not aware of anything harmful about these versions, they may confuse some
people who have heard that Cardo contains a large glyph complement that is
useful for scholars and/or supports high quality typography via OpenType.† If these aspects of Cardo are important to
you, be sure to get Cardo only from my site and pass this information along to
2/25/11††††††† The first version of an italic font to
accompany Cardo roman is now available.†
It contains a very large number of Latin characters (only a small
percentage of the medievalist characters from the MUFI recommendation are not
yet done) plus the usual punctuation and numbers.† Greek and the remaining Latin characters will
follow as soon as I can.† It also
contains the following OpenType features: old style numerals, proportional
numerals, standard ligatures, discretionary ligatures, historical forms, and
†††††††††††††††††††† I have tested this font on
my system, but one never knows what will show up after a font makes its way out
into the world.† So it might be best to
regard this as an advanced beta version.†
If something doesnít work right for you, or if you see things that donít
look good, please let me know.† As with
recent versions of Cardo roman, the italic is released under the Open Font License.
†††††††††††††††††††† You can download Cardo
italic from this link.†
†††††††††††††††††††† This zip file contains two
versions of Cardo italic.† Both are
OpenType fonts; one has TrueType outlines (.ttf) and the other PostScript
outlines (.otf).† Characters and OpenType
features (ligatures, etc.) are the same in both.† On my Windows system the OTF has a better
on-screen appearance, but this may vary depending on your monitor and graphics
card.† Don't install both at once!† In the future I may distribute Cardo only as
.otf font files, but I am interested in hearing if people need or prefer the
†††††††††††††††††††† Future plans: after a long
hiatus away from font development due to book writing projects, I have returned
to devoting serious time to Cardo.† Once
this italic font is out, I will finish a revision of the roman font, bringing
it up to date with Unicode 6.0 and version 3.0 of the MUFI recommendation.† Look for this in March.† During the summer will come either an
expanded italic with Greek and the remaining Latin characters, or the first
release of Cardo bold; or, dīs maximē faventibus, both.
version .99 of Cardo is posted. This is mainly an update for the license
information, as explained on the main page of this site, although a couple of
small items are also fixed. The manual is still at version .98; ignore
the license information contained in it.
Note: links to
download the font are found at the bottom of this
page, as is a more detailed update history.
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT CARDO
Cardo is a large
Unicode font specifically designed for the needs of classicists, Biblical
scholars, medievalists, and linguists. Since it may be used to prepare
materials for publication, it also contains features that are required for
high-quality typography, such as ligatures, text figures (also known as old
style numerals), true small capitals and a variety of punctuation and space
characters. It may also be used to document and discuss the features of
Unicode that are applicable to the these disciplines, as we work to help
colleagues understand the value (and limitations) of Unicode.
Cardo is freely
you find Cardo useful, or if you have suggestions for improvement, please email me and tell me about
what you are doing with the font. Knowing that people are using Cardo
makes the time and effort I put into it worthwhile.
ORIGIN & DESIGN
This font is my
version of a typeface cut for the Renaissance printer Aldus Manutius and first
used to print Pietro Bemboís book De Aetna. This font has been
revived in modern times under several names (Bembo, Aetna, Aldine 401). I
chose it mainly because it is a classic book face, suitable for scholarship,
and also because it is easier to get various diacritics sized and positioned
for legibility with this design than with some others. I added a set of
Greek characters designed to harmonize well on the page with the Roman letters
as well as many other characters useful to scholars. The Hebrew
characters are designed to match those used in the Biblia Hebraica
Stuttgartensia as closely as possible and so have no claim to originality.
This is a large
For Windows, you
need at least Windows 95 and a word processor that can handle Unicode-based
documents: either Microsoft Word 97 or more recent, or OpenOffice 1.0 or
greater. (For more information about OpenOffice, a full-featured,
open-source suite comparable to Microsoft Office, click this link; note however that
Open Office does not yet handle characters in the supplementary planes.)
You will also need a way to enter the Unicode characters; either Wordís
Insert/Symbol, a Unicode editor such as BabelPad
(plain text only), or my own
keyboard utility. If you want to use Hebrew in true right-to-left
fashion, you must have Word 2000 or XP running under Windows 2000 or XP, or
OpenOffice 3.2 or more recent.
On the Mac, you
need OS X plus a Unicode-aware editor or keyboard utility. Mac Word 2004
and 2008 handle Unicode well; Word 2001 and Office X do not. OpenOffice for OS X works well with
Unicode, although it does not yet have the standard Mac interface; you need to
use the X11 windowing system. Mellel,
a word processor for OS 10.2 or later, is very affordable and handles Unicode
and RTL text nicely; it is also the first Mac word processor to support
OpenType features. Recent versions of Nisus
Writer are Unicode-based. You can also use Appleís TextEdit (installed as
part of a default OS X installation). If you are using an editor or word
processor that is designed for Unicode, you can use the Unicode Hex entry
method or the Extended Roman keyboard.
systems: As far as I know, Cardo works on any Linux system that supports
Windows-style TrueType or OpenType fonts.
If you are not
clear about what all this means, see my book about
word processing issues for scholars, which provides a good introduction to
Unicode and other font issues.
REPERTOIRE AND OPENTYPE FEATURES
See the Cardo
userís manual for complete information about what Cardo provides.† The list has grown too long to keep updating
planned for future releases of Cardo include the following:
Cardo is still a
work in progress. The character design and repertoire are not final.
Please send me any comments that you have so that I can improve future
versions. Also, I have not yet done hand hinting of the characters.
This means that on most systems the characters will print better than they will
look on the screen. On screen at text sizes some stems will look uneven
and so forth. A future release will have better hinting.
running under Win2000 does not like the Hebrew characters in Cardo .56.
If you try to use them it substitutes Times New Roman. I donít know why;
they work fine in WordPad under Win2000 as well as in Word XP with either
WordPad or Word 2002 (aka Word XP).
has now been released under the SIL Open Font License, version 1.1. The
text of the license appears below; click the graphic at the left for additional
information about this license.
2004Ė2011, David J. Perry, with Reserved Font Name Cardo.
Software is licensed under the SIL Open Font License, Version 1.1.
This license is
copied below, and is also available with a FAQ at: http://scripts.sil.org/OFL
OPEN FONT LICENSE Version 1.1 - 26 February 2007
goals of the Open Font License (OFL) are to stimulate worldwide development of
collaborative font projects, to support the font creation efforts of academic
and linguistic communities, and to provide a free and open framework in which
fonts may be shared and improved in partnership with others.
OFL allows the licensed fonts to be used, studied, modified and redistributed
freely as long as they are not sold by themselves. The fonts, including any
derivative works, can be bundled, embedded, redistributed and/or sold with any
software provided that any reserved names are not used by derivative works. The
fonts and derivatives, however, cannot be released under any other type of
license. The requirement for fonts to remain under this license does not apply to
any document created using the fonts or their derivatives.
Software" refers to the set of files released by the Copyright Holder(s)
under this license and clearly marked as such. This may include source files,
build scripts and documentation.
Font Name" refers to any names specified as such after the copyright
Version" refers to the collection of Font Software components as
distributed by the Copyright Holder(s).
Version" refers to any derivative made by adding to, deleting, or
substituting -- in part or in whole -- any of the components of the Original
Version, by changing formats or by porting the Font Software to a new
refers to any designer, engineer, programmer, technical writer or other person
who contributed to the Font Software.
is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of the Font
Software, to use, study, copy, merge, embed, modify, redistribute, and sell
modified and unmodified copies of the Font Software, subject to the following
Neither the Font Software nor any of its individual components, in Original or
Modified Versions, may be sold by itself.
Original or Modified Versions of the Font Software may be bundled,
redistributed and/or sold with any software, provided that each copy contains
the above copyright notice and this license. These can be included either as
stand-alone text files, human-readable headers or in the appropriate
machine-readable metadata fields within text or binary files as long as those
fields can be easily viewed by the user.
No Modified Version of the Font Software may use the Reserved Font Name(s)
unless explicit written permission is granted by the corresponding Copyright
Holder. This restriction only applies to the primary font name as presented to
The name(s) of the Copyright Holder(s) or the Author(s) of the Font Software
shall not be used to promote, endorse or advertise any Modified Version, except
to acknowledge the contribution(s) of the Copyright Holder(s) and the Author(s)
or with their explicit written permission.
The Font Software, modified or unmodified, in part or in whole, must be
distributed entirely under this license, and must not be distributed under any
other license. The requirement for fonts to remain under this license does not
apply to any document created using the Font Software.
license becomes null and void if any of the above conditions are not met.
FONT SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT OF
COPYRIGHT, PATENT, TRADEMARK, OR OTHER RIGHT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
HOLDER BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, INCLUDING ANY
GENERAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER IN AN
ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF THE USE OR
INABILITY TO USE THE FONT SOFTWARE OR FROM OTHER DEALINGS IN THE FONT SOFTWARE.
The file cardo104.zip contains the Windows/OS X TrueType fonts
plus the userís manual in PDF format. On my Windows system, the manual
looks much better with Adobe Reader 6 (fonts are noticeably smoother), although
it is entirely legible under Reader 5. Go to this page to update your
version of Adobe Reader. For those who may want them for some reason, I
have left the earlier versions here: cardo99.zip, cardo98.zip, cardo71.zip and cardo56.zip .
For those who
want to test the OpenType features such as stylistic alternates, there are two
test documents available to download: an Adobe InDesign file (zipped)
and a Mellel file
(binhex). The InDesign file requires InDesign 2.0 or later. (It
does not work with the Middle Eastern Mac InDesign.) For Mellel, you need
1.8.1 or more recent.† The InDesign file
has been updated for 1.04; I will do the Mellel file as soon as I can.
given above as well as in the userís manual. Right-click on a blue link
in the previous paragraphs and save the zip file to your computer. Open
it with any of the usual unzip utilities and install the font as you would any
TrueType font. See the userís manual if you arenít sure how to install
1.04 posted (significantly updated roman, first boldface, and same italic as
released in February, plus revised manual)
Cardo italic font posted
version .99 of Cardo posted; no new characters, but released now under the Open
version .98 of Cardo posted; see above for list of new features.
Mac OS 8/9 version no longer available
an Adobe Acrobat (PDF) version of the Cardo manual is now available. This
will be particularly useful for Mac and Linux users, or Windows users who donít
have Microsoft Word.
version .71 of Cardo posted. This adds the complete block of Unicode
combining marks to the Windows/OS X version (only selected marks were
found in previous versions). Cardo now includes OpenType support for
Mac OS 8/9 version of Cardo posted
version .70 posted. This is a minor upgrade that adds a few Unicode space
and formatting characters and fixes one bug in the Hebrew OT tables.
version .59 which fixed a bug in v. 58 and which may provide
better-looking outlines on some systems. In terms of characters and
features, this is the same as version .58.
an italic version of Cardo is in the works! Several users have asked for
this. It will make Cardo much more useful for academics, who require italic for
book titles and so forth.
first version (.58) with OpenType support for Hebrew and OpenType tables for
advanced Latin typography
first version of Cardo (.56) that includes Hebrew characters posted
Last updated April